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Difference between revisions of "MMU RAMROM Mode"

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Line 10: Line 10:
 
! $3E
 
! $3E
 
! $3F
 
! $3F
 +
! Bit Value
 
|-
 
|-
| Extnd Color BASIC
+
| align="center" | Extended Color BASIC
| Color BASIC
+
| align="center" | Color BASIC
| 8K Cart ROM
+
| align="center" colspan="2" | 16K Cartridge ROM
| 8K Cart ROM
+
| align="center" | 0X
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" | Extended Color BASIC
 +
| align="center" | Color BASIC
 +
| align="center" | Reset Initialization
 +
| align="center" | Super Extended Color BASIC
 +
| align="center" | 10
 +
|-
 +
| align="center" colspan="4" | 32K Cartridge ROM
 +
| align="center" | 11
 +
|}
 +
 
 +
 
 +
{| border="1" cellspacing="0" cellpadding="5" align="center"
 +
|+ MMU Slot description
 +
|-
 +
! CPU Address Range
 +
! Slot Address
 +
|-
 +
| $0000 - $1FFF
 +
| Slot 0: $FFA0, $FFA8
 +
|-
 +
| $2000 - $3FFF
 +
| Slot 1: $FFA1, $FFA9
 +
|-
 +
| $4000 - $5FFF
 +
| Slot 2: $FFA2, $FFAA
 +
|-
 +
| $6000 - $7FFF
 +
| Slot 3: $FFA3, $FFAB
 +
|-
 +
| $8000 - $9FFF
 +
| Slot 4: $FFA4, $FFAC
 +
|-
 +
| $A000 - $BFFF
 +
| Slot 5: $FFA5, $FFAD
 +
|-
 +
| $C000 - $DFFF
 +
| Slot 6: $FFA6, $FFAE
 +
|-
 +
| $E000 - $FFFF
 +
| Slot 7: $FFA6, $FFAF
 
|}
 
|}
  
*
 
     
 
*
 
  
The ROM pages (3C-3F) can be written to any of the eight avaiable MMU slots. In all cases the last two bits the page page are ignored by the MMU and substituted by the last two bits of the slot number.
+
The ROM pages ($3C-$3F) can be written to any of the eight avaiable MMU slots. In all cases the last two bits of the page are ignored by the MMU and substituted by the last two bits of the slot number.
  
 
For example, writing $3D to slot 2 of the MMU does not map the second 8k page of ROM to addresses $4000-$5FFF. It maps page $3E (the third ROM page), because:
 
For example, writing $3D to slot 2 of the MMU does not map the second 8k page of ROM to addresses $4000-$5FFF. It maps page $3E (the third ROM page), because:
Line 27: Line 66:
 
*
 
*
  
This essemtially means that Page $3C will only appear in slots 0 and 4; $3D in 1 and 5; $3E in 1 and 6; $3F in 1 and 7.
+
This essemtially means that page $3C will only appear in slots 0 and 4; $3D in 1 and 5; $3E in 1 and 6; $3F in 1 and 7.

Revision as of 21:16, 1 May 2007

Color Computer 3 Memory Management Unit in ROM/RAM

The MMU in the CoCo 3 has access to 64 blocks of RAM each 8 kilobytes in size. In ROM/RAM mode the last four blocks don't access RAM. They access either internal or external ROM. The RAM/ROM mode is entered by writing any value to address $FFDE. RAM mode is selected by writing any value to address $FFDF.

In ROM/RAM mode there are three different ROM configurations available. They are selected by setting bits 1 and 0 of address $FF90 to:

$3C $3D $3E $3F Bit Value
Extended Color BASIC Color BASIC 16K Cartridge ROM 0X
Extended Color BASIC Color BASIC Reset Initialization Super Extended Color BASIC 10
32K Cartridge ROM 11


MMU Slot description
CPU Address Range Slot Address
$0000 - $1FFF Slot 0: $FFA0, $FFA8
$2000 - $3FFF Slot 1: $FFA1, $FFA9
$4000 - $5FFF Slot 2: $FFA2, $FFAA
$6000 - $7FFF Slot 3: $FFA3, $FFAB
$8000 - $9FFF Slot 4: $FFA4, $FFAC
$A000 - $BFFF Slot 5: $FFA5, $FFAD
$C000 - $DFFF Slot 6: $FFA6, $FFAE
$E000 - $FFFF Slot 7: $FFA6, $FFAF


The ROM pages ($3C-$3F) can be written to any of the eight avaiable MMU slots. In all cases the last two bits of the page are ignored by the MMU and substituted by the last two bits of the slot number.

For example, writing $3D to slot 2 of the MMU does not map the second 8k page of ROM to addresses $4000-$5FFF. It maps page $3E (the third ROM page), because:

This essemtially means that page $3C will only appear in slots 0 and 4; $3D in 1 and 5; $3E in 1 and 6; $3F in 1 and 7.